The Code of Criminal Procedure
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2-3. * * * *
Words referring to acts
Words to have same meaning as in Penal Code.
5. Trial of offences under Penal Code
Trial of offences against other laws.
Constitution and Powers of Criminal Courts and Offices
OF THE CONSTITUTION OF CRIMINAL COURTS AND OFFICES
A. - Classes of Criminal Courts.
6. Classes of Criminal Courts.
B. - Territorial Divisions
7. Sessions divisions and districts.
Power to alter divisions and districts.
Existing divisions and districts maintained till altered.
8. Power to divide districts into sub-divisions&
existing sub-divisions maintained.
C. - Courts and Offices.
9. Court of Session.
10. District Magistrate.
11. Officers temporarily succeeding to vacancies in office of District Magistrate.
12. Subordinate Magistrates.
Local limits of their jurisdiction.
13. Power to put Magistrate in charge of sub-division.
Delegation of powers to District Magistrate.
14. Special Magistrates.
15. Benches of Magistrates.
Powers exercisable by Bench in absence of special direction.
16. Power to frame rules for guidance of Benches.
17. Subordination of Magistrates and Benches to District Magistrate; toSub-divisional Magistrate.
Subordination of Assistant Sessions Judges to Sessions Judge.
18-21 * * * *
E.- Justices of the Peace.
22. * * * *
23-27. * * * *
Powers of Courts
A. - Description of Offences cognizable by each Court.
28. Offences under Penal Code.
29. Offences under other laws.
29A. * * * *
29B. * * * *
30. Offences not punishable with death.
B. - Sentences which may be passed by Courts of various Classes.
31. Sentences which High Court and Sessions Judges may pass.
32. Sentences which Magistrates may pass.
33. Power of Magistrates to sentence to imprisonment in default of fine
Proviso as to certain cases.
34. Higher powers of certain Distinct Magistrates
34A. * * * *
35 Sentence in cases of conviction of several offences at one trial :,
Maximum term of punishment.
C. - Ordinary and Additional Powers.
36. Ordinary powers of Magistrates.
37. Additional powers conferrable on Magistrates.
38. Control of District Magistrate’s investing power
D. - Conferment, Contnuance and Cancellation of Powers.
39. Mode of conferring powers.
40. Powers of officers appointed.
41. Powers may be cancelled.
OF AID AND INFORMATION TO THE MAGISTRATES, THE POLICE AND PERSONS MAKING ARRESTS
42. Public when to assist Magistrate and police.
43. Aid to person, other than police-officer, executing warrant.
44. Public to give information of certain offences.
45. Village-headmen, landholders and others bound to report certain matters.
Appointment of village-headmen by District Magistrate or Sub-divisional.
Magistrate in certain cases for purposes of this section.
OF ARREST, ESCAPE AND RETAKING
A. - Arrest generally.
46. Arrest how made.
Resisting endeavour to-arrest.
47. Search of place entered by person sought to be arrested.
48. Procedure where ingress not obtainable.
* * * *
49. Power to break open doors and windows for purposes of liberation.
50. No unnecessary restraint.
51. Search of arrested persons.
52. Mode of searching women.
53. Power to seize offensive weapons
B. - Arrest without Warrant
54. When police may arrest without warrant
55. Arrest of vagabonds. habitual robbers, etc.
56. Police-officer may depute subordinate to arrest without warrant.
57. Refusal to give name and residence.
58. Pursuit of offenders into other jurisdictions.
59. Arrest by private persons and procedure on such arrest.
60. Person arrested to be taken before officer in charge of police-station.
61. Person arrested not to be detained more than twenty-four hours.
62. Police to report apprehensions.
63. Discharge of person apprehended.
64. Offence committed in Magistrate’s presence.
65. Arrest by or in presence of Magistrate.
66. Power, on escape, to pursue and retake.
67. Provisions of sections 47. 48 and 49 to apply to arrests under section 66.
OF PROCESSES TO COMPEL APPENARANCE
A. - Summons.
68. Form of summons
Summons by whom served.
69. Summons how served.
Signature of receipt for summons.
70. Service when person summoned cannot be found.
71. Procedure when service cannot be effected as before provided.
72. Service on servant of Government or of Railway Administration
73. Service of summons outside local limits.
74. Proof of service in such cases, and when serving officer not present.
B. - Warrant of Arrest.
75. Form of warrant of arrest.
Continuance of warrant of arrest.
76. Court may direct security to be taken.
Recognizance to be forwarded.
77. Warrants to whom directed.
Warrants to several persons.
78. Warrant may be directed to landholder, etc.
79. Warrant directed to police-officer.
80. Notification of substance of warrant.
81. Person arrested to be brought before Court without delay.
82. Where warrant may be executed.
83. Warrant forwarded for execution outside jurisdiction.
84. Warrant directed to police-officer for execution outside jurisdiction
85. Procedure on arrest of person against whom warrant issued.
86. Procedure by Magistrate before whom person arrested is brought.
C. - Proclamation and Attachment.
87. Proclamation for person absconding.
88. Attachment of property of person absconding.
89. Restoration of attached property.
D. - Other Rules regarding Processes.
90. Issue of warrant in lieu of. or in addition to. summons.
91. Power to take bond for appearance.
92. Arrest on breach of bond for appearance.
93. Provisions of this Chapter generally applicable to summons and
warrants of arrest.
OF PROCESSES TO COMPEL THE PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS AND OTHER MOVEABLE PROPERTY, AND FOR THE DISCOVERY OF PERSONS WRONGFULLY CONFINED
A. - Summons to produce.
94. Summons to produce document or other thing.
95. Procedure as to letters and telegrams.
B. - Search-warrants.
96. When search-warrant may be issued.
97. Power to restrict warrant.
98. Search of house suspected to contain stolen property, forged documents. etc.
99. Disposal of things found in search beyond jurisdiction.
99A. Power to declare certain publications forfeited. and to issue search- warrants for the same.
99B. Application to High Court to set aside order of forfeiture.
99C. Hearing by Special Bench.
99D. Order of Special Bench setting aside forfeiture.
99E. Evidence to prove nature or tendency of newspapers
99F. Procedure in High Court.
99G. Jurisdiction barred.
C. - Discovery of Persons wrongfully confined.
100. Search for persons wrongfully confined.
D. - General Provisions relating to Searches
101. Direction, etc., of search-warrants.
102. Persons in charge of closed place to allow search.
103. Search to be made in presences of witnesses.
Occupant of place searched may attend:
E. - Miscellaneous
104. Power to impound documents, etc.. produced.
105. Magistrate may direct search in his presence.
Prevention of Offences
OF SECURITY FOR KEEPING THE PEACE AND FOR GOOD BEHAVIOUR
A. - Security for keeping the Peace on Conviction
106. Security for keeping the peace on conviction.
B. - Security for keeping the Peace in other Cases and Security for Good Behaviour
107. Security for keeping the peace in other cases. .
Procedure of Magistrate not empowered to act tinder sub-section(I).
108. Security for good behaviour from persons disseminating seditious 36 matter.
109. Security for good behaviour from vagrants and suspected persons.
110. Security for good behaviour from habitual offenders.
111. * * * *
112. Order to be made.
113. Procedure in respect of person present in Court.
114. Summons or warrant in case of person not so present
115. Copy of order under section 112 to accompany summons or warrant.
116. Power to dispense with personal attendance.
117. Inquiry as to truth of information.
118. Order to give security
119. Discharge of person informed against.
C. - Proceedings in all Cases subsequent to Order to furnish Security
120. Commencement of period for which security is required.
121. Contents of bond.
122. Power to reject sureties.
123. Imprisonment in default of security.
Proceedings when to be laid before Court of Session.
Kind of imprisonment.
124. Power to release persons imprisoned for failing to give security.
125. Power of District Magistrate to cancel any bond for keeping the peace or good behaviour.
126. Discharge of sureties.
126A. Security for unexpired period of bond.
127. Assembly to disperse on command of Magistrate or police-officer.
128. Use of civil force to disperse.
129. Use of military force.
130. Duty of officer commanding troops required by Magistrate to disperse assembly.
131. Power of commissioned military officers to disperse assembly.
132. Protection against prosecution for acts done under this Chapter.
133. Conditional order for removal of nuisance.
134. Service or notification of order.
135. Person to whom order is addressed to obey or show cause.
136. Consequence of his failing to do so.
137. Procedure where he appears to show cause.
138. * * * *
139. * * * *
139A. Procedure where existence of public right is denied.
140. Procedure on order being made absolute 49 Consequences of disobedience to order.
141. * * * *
142. Injunction pending inquiry.
143. Magistrate may prohibit repetition or continuance of public nuisance
TEMPORARY ORDERS IN URGENT CASES OF NUISANCE OR APPREHENDED DANGER
144. Power to issue order absolute at once in urgent cases of nuisance or apprehended danger.
DISPUTES AS TO IMMOVEABLE PROPERTY
145. Procedure where dispute concerning land. etc., is likely to cause breach of peace.
Inquiry as to possession.
Party in possession to retain possession until legally evicted.
146. Power to attach subject of dispute.
147. Disputes concerning rights of use of immoveable property. etc.,
148. Local inquiry.
Order as to costs.
PREVENTIVE ACTION OF THE POLICE
149. Police to prevent cognizable offences
150. Information of design to commit such offences
151. Arrest to prevent such offences
152. Prevention of injury to public property
153. Inspection of weights and measures.
INFORMATION TO POLICE AND THEIR POWERS TO INVESTIGATE
154. Information in cognizable cases.
155. Information in non-cognizable cases.
Investigation into non-cognizable cases.
156. Investigation into cognizable cases.
157. Procedure where cognizable offence suspected ─
where local investigation dispensed. with
where police-officer in charge sees no sufficient ground for investigation.
158. Reports under section 157 how submitted.
159. Power to hold investigation or preliminary inquiry.
160. Police-officer’s power to require attendance of witnesses.
161. Examination of witnesses by police.
162. Statements to police not to be signed; use of such statements in evidence.
163. No inducement to be offered.
164. Power to record statements and confessions.
165. Search by police-officer.
166. When officer in charge of police-station may require another to make search.
167. Procedure when investigation cannot be completed in twenty-four hours.
168. Report of investigation by subordinate police-officer.
169. Release of accused when evidence deficient.
170. Case to be sent to Magistrate when evidence is sufficient.
171. Complainants and witnesses not to be required to accompany police-officer.
Complainants and witnesses not to be subjected to restraint.
Recusant complainant or witness may be forwarded in custody.
172. Diary of proceedings in investigation.
173. Report of police-officer.
174. Police to inquire and report on suicide. etc.
175. Power to summon persons.
176. Inquiry by Magistrate into cause of death.
Power to disinter corpses.
Proceeding in Prosecutions
OF THE JURISDICTION OF THE CRIMINAL COURTS IN INQUIRIES AND TRIALS
A. - Place of Inquiry or Trial
177. Ordinary place of inquiry and trial.
178. Power to order cases to be tried in different sessions divisions.
179. Accused triable in district where act is done. or where consequence ensues
180. Place of trial where act is offence by reason of relation to other offence.
181. Being a thug or belonging to a gang of dacoits, escape from custody, etc
Criminal misappropriation and criminal breach of trust.
Kidnapping and abduction.
182. Place of inquiry or trial where scene of offence is uncertain, or not in one district only, or where offence is continuing, or consists of several acts.
183. Offence committed on a journey.
184. * * * *
185. High Court to decide, in case of doubt, district where inquiry or trail shall take place.
186. Power to issue summons or warrant for offence committed beyond local jurisdiction.
Magistrate’s procedure on arrest.
187. Procedure where warrant issued by subordinate Magistrate.
188. Liability of the citizens of the Union for offences committed out of the Union of Myanmar.
189. Power to direct copies of depositions and exhibits to be received evidence.
B. - Conditions requisite for Initiation of Proceedings
190. Cognizance of offences by Magistrates.
191. Transfer or commitment on application of accused.
192. Transfer of cases by Magistrates.
193. Cognizance of offences by Courts of Session.
194. Cognizance of offences by High Court.
Information by Attorney-General.
195. Prosecution for Contempt of lawful authority of public servants.
Prosecution for certain offences against public justice.
Prosecution for certain offences relating to documents given in evidence.
196. Prosecution for offences against the State and for offences relating to elections.
196A. Prosecution for certain classes of criminal conspiracy.
196B. Preliminary inquiry in certain cases.
197. Prosecution of Judges and public servants
Power of President as to prosecution.
198. Prosecution for breach of contract, defamation, and offences against marriage.
199. Prosecution for adultery or enticing a married woman.
199A. Objection by lawful guardian to complaint by person other than person aggrieved.
OF COMPLAINTS TO MAGISTRATES
200. Examination of complainant.
201. Procedure by Magistrate not competent to take cognizance of the case.
202. Postponement for issue of process.
203. Dismissal of complaint.
OF THE COMMENCEMENT OF PROCEEDINGS BEFORE MAGISTRATES
204. Issue of process.
205. Magistrate may dispense with personal attendance of accused.
OF INQUIRY INTO CASES TRIABLE BY THE COURT OF SESSION OR HIGH COURT
206. Power to commit for trial.
207. Procedure in inquiries preparatory to commitment.
208. Taking of evidence produced.
Process for production of further evidence.
209. When accused person to be discharged.
210. When charge is to be framed.
Charge to be explained, and copy furnished, to accused.
211. List of witnesses for defence on trial
212. Power of Magistrate to examine such witnesses.
213. Order of commitment.
214. * * * *
215. Quashing commitments under section 2 13.
216. Summons to witnesses for defence when accused is committed.
Refusal to summon unnecessary’ witness unless deposit made.
217. Bond of complainants and witnesses.
Detention in custody in case of refusal to attend or to execute bond.
218. Commitment when to be notified.
Charge. etc., to be forwarded to 1-Iulh Court or Court of Session.
* * * *
219. Power to summon supplementary witnesses
220. Custody of accused pending trial.
OF THE CHARGE
Form of Charges
221. Charge to state offence.
Specific name of offence sufficient description
How stated when offence has no specific name.
What implied in charge
Language of charge.
Previous conviction when to be set out.
222. Particulars as to time, place and person.
223. When manner of committing offence must be stated.
224. Words in charge taken in sense of law under which offence is punishable.
225. Effect of errors.
226. Procedure on commitment without charge or with imperfect charge.
227. Court may alter charge
228. When trial may proceed immediately after alteration
229. * * * *
230. Stay of proceedings if prosecution of offence in altered charge requires previous sanction
231. * * * *
232. Effect of material error.
Joinder of Charges
233. Separate charges for distinct offences
234. Three offences of same kind within year may be charged together.
235. Trial for more than one offence.
Offence falling within two definitions.
Acts constituting one offence, but constituting when combined a different offence.
236. Where it is doubtful what offence has been committed. .
237. When a person is charged with one offence, he can be convicted of another.
238. When offence proved included in offence charged.
239. What persons may be charged jointly.
240. Withdrawal of remaining charges on conviction on one of several charges.
OF THE TRIAL OF SUMMONS-CASES BY MAGISTRATES
241. Procedure in summons-cases.
242. Substance of accusation to be stated.
243. Conviction on admission of truth of accusation.
244. Procedure when no such admission is made.
246. Finding not limited by complaint or summons
247. Non-appearance of complainant.
248. Withdrawal of complainant.
249. Power to stop proceedings when no complainant.
Frivolous Accusation in Sommons and Warrant Cases
250. False, frivolous or vexatious accusations.
OF THE TRIAL OF WARRANT-CASES BY MAGISTRATES
251. Procedure in warrant-cases
252. Evidence for prosecution.
253. Discharge of accused.
254. Charge to be framed when offence appears proved.
255A. Procedure in case of previous convictions.
257. Process for compelling production of evidence at instance of accused.
259. Absence of complainant.
OF SUMMARY TRIALS
260. Power to try summarily.
261. Power to invest Bench of Magistrates invested with less power.
262. Procedure for summons and warrant-cases applicable.
Limit of imprisonment.
263. Record in cases where there is no appeal.
264. Record in appeal able cases.
265. Language of record and judgment
Bench may be authorized to employ clerk.
OF TRIALS BEFORE THE HIGH COURT AND COURTS OF SESSION
A. - Preliminary
266. * * * *
267. Trials before High Court to be by jury
268. * * * *
269. President may order trials before Court of Session to be by jury.
270. Trial before Court of Session to be conducted by Public Prosecutor.
B. - commencement of Proceedings
271. Commencement of trial.
Plea of guilty
272. Refusal to plead or claim to be tried.
Trial by same jury of several offenders in succession.
273. Entry on unsustainable charges.
Effect of entry.
C. - Choosing a Jury
274. Number of injury
275. * * * *
276. Jurors to he chosen by lot
Existing practice maintained.
persons not summoned when eligible.
trials before special jurors.
277. Names of jurors to be called.
Objection to jurors.
Objection without grounds stated.
278. Grounds of objection.
279. Decision of objection.
Supply of place of junior against whom objection allowed.
280. Foreman of jury.
281. Swearing of jurors.
282. Procedure when juror ceases to attend. etc.,
283. Discharge of jury in case of sickness of prisoner.
D. - Choosing Assessors
284. * * * *
284A. * * * *
285. * * * *
DD. - Joint Trials
285A. * * * *
E. - Trial to close of Cases for Prosecution and Defence.
286. Opening case for prosecution.
Examination of witnesses.
287. Examination of accused before Magistrate to be evidence.
288. Evidence given at preliminary inquiry admissible.
289. Procedure after examination of witnesses for prosecution.
291. Right of accused as to examination and summoning of witnesses.
292. Prosecutors right of reply.
293. View by jury.
294. When juror may be examined.
295. Jury to attend at adjourned sitting. .
296. Locking up jury.
F. - Conclusion of Trial in Cases tried by Jury.
297. Charge to jury.
298. Duty of Judge.
299. Duty of jury. .
300. Retirement to consider.
301. Delivery of verdict.
302. Procedure where jury differ
303. Verdict to be given on each charge.
Judge may question jury.
Questions and answers to be recorded.
304. Amending verdict.
305. Verdict in High Court when to prevail.
Discharge of jury in other cases.
306. Verdict in Court of Session when to prevail
307. Procedure where Sessions Judge disagrees with verdict.
G. - Re-trial of Accused after Discharge of Jury.
308. Re-trial of accused after discharge of jury.
H. - Conclustion of Trial in cases tried without a Jury.
309. Judgment 115
I. - Procedure in case of Previous Conviction.
310. Procedure in case of previous conviction.
311. When evidence of previous conviction may be given.
J. - List of Jurrors for Hight Court and Summoning Jurors for that Court.
312. Number of special jurors..
313. Lists of common and special jurors
Discretion of officer preparing lists
314. Publication of lists, preliminary and revised.
315. Number of jurors to be summoned.
316. Summoning jurors outside the place of sitting of the High Court
317. Military jurors.
318. Failure of jurors to attend.
K. - List of Jurors for Court of Session and summoning Jurors for that Court.
319. Liability to serve as jurors.
321. List of jurors.
322. Publication of list.
323. Objections to list.
324. Revision of list.
Annual revision of list.
325. Preparation of list of special jurors.
326. Clerk of the court to summon jurors.
327. Power to summon another set of jurors.
328. Form and contents of summons.
329. When Government or Railway servant may be excused.
330. Court may excuse attendance of juror.
Court may relieve special jurors from liability to serve again as jurors for twelve months.
331. List of jurors attending.
332. Penalty for non-attendance of juror.
L. - Special Provisions for the High Court.
333. Power of Attorney-General to stay prosecution.
334. Time of holding sittings.
335. Place of holding sittings.
Notice of sittings.
336. * * * *
GENERAL PROVISIONS AS TO INQUIRIES AND TRIALS.
337. Tender of pardon to accomplice.
338. Power to direct tender of pardon.
339. Commitment of person to whom pardon has been tendered.
339A. Procedure in trial of person under section 339.
340. Right of person against whom proceedings are instituted to be defended and his competency to be a witness.
341. Procedure where accused does not understand proceedings
342. Power to examine the accused.
343. No influence to be used to induce disclosures.
344. Power to postpone or adjourn proceedings.
Reasonable cause for remand.
345. Compounding offences.
346. Procedure of Magistrate in cases which he cannot dispose of
347. Procedure when after commencement of inquiry or trial Magistrate finds case should be committed.
348. Trial of persons previously convicted of offences against coinage, stamp law or property.
349. Procedure when Magistrate cannot pass sentence sufficiently severe.
350. Conviction or commitment on evidence partly recorded by one Magistrate and partly by another.
350A. Changes in constitution of Benches.
351. Detention of offenders attending Court.
352. Courts to be open.
OF THE MODE OF TAKING AND RECORDING EVIDENCE IN INQUIRIES AND TRIALS
353. Evidence to be taken in presence of accused.
354. * * * *
355. Record in summons-cases, and in trials of certain offences by first and second class Magistrates.
356. Record in other cases.
* * * *
357. * * * *
358. Option to Magistrate in cases under section 355.
359. Mode of recording evidence under section 356.
360. Procedure in regard to such evidence when completed.
361. Interpretation of evidence to accused or his pleader.
362. * * * *
363. Remarks respecting demeanour of witness.
364. Examination of accused how recorded.
365. Record of evidence in Health Court.
OF THE JUDGMENT
366. Mode of delivering judgment.
367. Language of judgment.
Contents of judgment.
Judgment in alternative.
368. Sentence of death.
Sentence of transportation
369. Court not to alter judgment.
370. * * * *
371. Copy of judgment. etc.. to be given to accused on application
Case of person sentenced to death.
372. Judgment where to be filed.
373. Court of Session to send copy or finding and sentence to District Magistrate.
OF THE SUBMISSION OF SENTENCES FOR CONFIRMATION
374. Sentence of death to be submitted by Court of Session.
375. Power to direct further inquiry to be made or additional evidence to be taken.
376. Power of High Court to confirm sentence or annul conviction.
377. Conformation or new sentence to be signed by two Judges.
378. Procedure in case of difference of opinion.
379. Procedure in cases of submitted to High Court for confirmation.
380. * * * *
381. Execution of order passed under section 376.
382. Postponement of capital sentence on pregnant woman
383. Execution of sentences of transportation or imprisonment in other cases.
384. Direction of warrant for execution.
385. Warrant with whom to be lodged.
386. Warrant for levy of fine.
387. Effect of such warrant.
388. Suspension of execution of sentence of imprisonment.
389. Who may issue warrant.
390. Execution of sentence of whipping only.
391. Execution of sentence of whipping in addition to imprisonment.
392. Mode of inflicting punishment.
Limit of number of stripes
393. Not to be executed by installments.
394. Whipping not to be inflicted if offender not in fit state of health.
Stay of execution.
395. Procedure if punishment cannot be inflicted under section 394.
396. Execution of sentences on escaped convicts.
397. Sentence on offender already sentenced for another offence.
398. Saving as to sections 396 and 397.
399. * * * *
400. Return of warrant on execution of sentence.&
OF SUPENSIONS REMISSIONS AND COMMUTATIONS OF SENTENCES
401. Power to suspend or remit sentences.
402. Power to commute punishment.
OF PREVIOUS ACQUITTALS OR CONVICTIONS
403. Person once convicted or acquitted not to be tried for same offence.
Of Appeal, Reference and Revision
404. Unless otherwise provided, no appeal to lie.
405. Appeal from order rejecting application for restoration of attached property
406. Appeal from order requiring security for keeping the peace or for good behaviour.
406A. Appeal from order made under section 488 or 489.
407. Appeal from sentence of Magistrate of the second or third class
Transfer of appeals to first class Magistrates.
408. Appeal from sentence of Assistant Sessions Judge or Magistrate of the first class.
409. Appeals to Court of Session how heard.
410. Appeal from sentence of Court of Session.
411. * * * *
412. No appeal in certain cases when accused pleads guilty.
413. No appeal in petty cases.
414. No appeal from certain summary convictions.
415. Proviso to sections 4l3 and 414.
415A. Special right of appeal in certain cases.
416. * * * *
417. Appeal on behalf of Government in case of acquittal.
418. Appeal on what matters admissible.
419. Petition of appeal.
420. Procedure when appellant in jail
421. Summary dismissal of appeal.
422. Notice of appeal.
423. Power of appellate Court in disposing of appeal.
424. Judgments of subordinate appellate Courts.
425. Order by High court on appeal to be certified to lower Court.
426. Suspension of sentence pending appeal.
Release of appellant on bail.
427. Arrest of accused in appeal from acquittal.
428. Appellate Court may take further evidence or direct it to be taken.
429. Procedure where Judges of Court of Appeal are equally divided.
430. Finality of orders on appeal.
431. Abatement of appeals.
OF REFERENCE AND REVISION
432-433. * * * *
434. Power to reserve questions arising in original jurisdiction of High Court.
Procedure when question reserved.
435. Power to call for records of inferior Courts.
436. Power to order inquiry.
437. Power to order commitment.
438. * * * *
439. High Court’s power of revision.
440. Optional with Court to hear parties.
441. * * * *
442. High Court’s order to be certified to lower Court or Magistrate.
443-449. * * * *
450-463. * * * *
464. Procedure in case of accused being lunatic.
465. Procedure m ease of person committed before Court of Session or
High court being lunatic.
466. Release of lunatic pending investigation or trial.
Custody of lunatic.
467. Resumption of inquiry or trial.
468. Procedure on accused appearing before Magistrate or Court.
469. When accused appears to have been insane.
470. Judgement of acquittal on ground of lunacy.
471. Person acquitted on such ground to be detained in safe custody.
Power of President to relieve Inspector-General of certain functions.
472. * * * *
473. Procedure where lunatic prisoner is reported capable of making his defence.
474. Procedure where lunatic detained under section 466 or 471 is declared fit to be released.
475. Delivery of lunatic to care of relative or friend.
PROCEEDINGS IN CASE OF CERTAIN OFFENCES AFFECTING THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE.
476. Procedure in cases mentioned in section 195.
476A. Superior Court may complain where subordinate Court has omitted to do so.
477. * * * *
478. Power of civil and revenue Courts to complete inquiry and commit to High Court or Court of’ Session.
479. Procedure of civil or revenue Court in such cases.
480. Procedure m certain cases of contempt.
481. Record in such cases.
482. Procedure where Court considers that case should not be dealt with under section 480.
483. When Registrar or Sub-Registrar to be deemed a civil Court within sections 480 and 482.
484. Discharge of offender on submission or apology.
485. Imprisonment or committal of person refusing to answer or produce document
486. Appeals from convictions in contempt cases.
487. Certain Judges and Magistrates not to try offences referred to in section 195 when committed before themselves.
OF THE MAINTENANCE OF WIVES AND CHILDERN
488. Order for maintenance of wives and children
Enforcement of order.
489. Alteration in allowance.
490. Enforcement of order of maintenance.
DIRECTIONS OF THE NATURE OF A HABEAS CORPUS
491. Power to issue directions of the nature of a habeas corpus.
491A. * * * *
OF THE PUBLIC PROSECUTOR
492. Power to appoint public prosecutors.
493. Public Prosecutor may plead in all Courts in cases under his charge.
Pleaders privately instructed to he under his direction.
494. Effect of withdrawal from prosecution.
495. Permission to conduct prosecution.
496. In what cases bail to be taken.
497. When bail may be taken in case of non-bail able offence.
498. Power to direct admission to bail or reduction of bail.
499. Bond of accused and sureties.
500. Discharge from custody.
501. Power to order sufficient bail when that first taken is insufficient.
502. Discharge of sureties.
OF COMMISSIONS FOR THE EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES.
503. When attendance of witness may be dispensed with.
Issue of commission, and procedure there under.
504. * * * *
505. Parties may examine witnesses.
506. Power of subordinate Magistrate to apply for issue of commission.
507. Return of commission.
508. Adjournment of inquiry or trial.
508 A. Execution of foreign commissions.
SPECIAL RULES OF EVIDENCE
509. Deposition of medical witness.
Power to summon medical witness.
510. Report of Chemical Examiner.
511. Previous conviction or acquittal how proved.
512. Record of evidence in absence of accused.
Record of evidence when offender unknown.
PROVISIONS AS TO BONDS
513. Deposit instead of recognizance.
514. Procedure on forfeiture of bond.
514A. Procedure in case of insolvency or death of surety or when a bond is forfeited.
514B. Bond required from a minor.
515. Appeal from, and revision of, orders under section 514.
516. Power to direct levy of amount due on certain recognizance.
OF THE DISPOSAL OF PROPERTY
516A. Order for custody and disposal of property pending trial in certain cases.
517. Order for disposal of property regarding which offence committed.
518. Order may take form of reference to District or Sub-divisional Magistrate.
519. Payment to innocent purchaser of money found on accused
520. Stay of order under section 517.518 or 519.
521. Destruction of libelous and other matter.
522. Power to restore possession of immoveable property.
523. Procedure by police upon seizure of property taken under section 51 or stolen.
Procedure where owner of property seized unknown.
524. Procedure where no claimant appears within six months.
525. Power to sell perishable property.
OF THE TRANSFER OF CRIMINAL CASES
526. High Court may transfer case, or itself try it.
Notice to Public Prosecutor of application under this section.
* * * *
526A. * * * *
527. Power of President to transfer cases and appeals.
528. Sessions Judge may withdraw cases from Assistant Sessions Judge.
District of Sub-divisional Magistrate may withdraw or refer cases.
Power to authorize District Magistrate to withdraw classes of cases.
CHAPTER XLIV. A
528A-528D. * * * *
OF IRREGULAR PROCEEDINGS
529. Irregularities which do not vitiate proceedings.
530. Irregularities which vitiate proceedings.
531. Proceedings in wrong place.
532. When irregular commitments may be validated.
533. Non-compliance with provisions of section 164 or 364.
534. * * * *
535. Effect of omission to prepare charge.
536. Trial without jury of offence triable by jury.
537. Finding or sentence when reversible by reason of error or omission in charge or other proceedings.
538. Attachment not illegal, person making same not trespasser for defect or want of form in proceedings.
539. Courts and persons before whom affidavits may be sworn.
539A. Affidavit in proof of conduct of public servant.
539B. Local inspection
540. Power to summon material witness, or examine person present.
540A. Provision for inquiries and trial being held in the absence of accused i n certain cases.
541. Power to appoint place of imprisonment.
Removal to criminal jail of accused or convicted persons who are in confinement in civil jail, and their return to the civil jail.
542. * * * *
543. Interpreter to be bound to interpret truthfully.
544. Expenses of complainants and witnesses.
545. Power of Court to pay expenses or compensation out of fine
546. Payments to be taken into account in subsequent suit.
546A. Order of payment of certain fees paid by complainant in non cognizable cases.
547. Moneys ordered to be paid recoverable as fines
548. Copies of proceedings.
549. Delivery to military authorities of persons liable to be tried by Court-martial
Apprehension of such persons.
550. Powers to police to seize property suspected to be stolen.
551. Powers of superior officers of police.
552. Power to compel restoration of abducted females.
553. * * * *
554. Power of High Court to make rules for inspection of subordinate Courts
556. Case in which Judge or Magistrate is personally interested.
557. Practising pleader not to sit as Magistrate in certain Courts.
558. Power to decide language of Courts.
559. Provison for powers of Judges and Magistrates being exercised by their successors in office
560. Officers concerned in sales not to purchase or bid for property.
561. Special provisions with respect to offence of rape by a husband.
561A. Saving of inherent power of High Court.
562. Power of Court to release certain convicted offenders on probation of good conduct instead of sentencing to punishment.
Conviction and release with admonition.
563. Provision in case of offender failing to observe conditions of his recognizance.
564. Conditions as to abode of offender.
Previously convicted offenders
565. Order for notifying address of previously convicted offender.
SCHEDULE I. * * *
SCHEDULE II. - TABULAR STATEMENT OF OFFENCES.
SCHEDULE III. - ORDINARY POWERS OF MAGISTRATES.
SCHEDULE IV. - ADDITIONAL POWERS WITH WHICH MAGISTRATES MAY BE INVESTED.